Explorers from the Promeza program continue to discover fascinating findings. Structure of Edzná Reveals Connections with Chichén Itzá.
The advancement of the Archaeological Zones Improvement Program (Promeza) has brought to light new findings in historic Edzná, Campeche, revealing deep connections with the legendary Chichen Itza.
The Ministry of Culture of Mexico, through the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), is at the forefront of these efforts to explore and consolidate a site that shines with vestiges of a past shared with the city of the Itzáes.
The recent briefing led by President Andrés Manuel López Obrador included an update on Section 2 of the Mayan Train and highlighted progress in Edzná, known as the “House of the Itzáes.”
Diego Prieto Hernández, director of INAH, took advantage of the occasion to announce INAH’s participation in humanitarian assistance after Hurricane Otis, using the Acapulco Historical Museum as a support center.
Structure of Edzná Reveals Connections with Chichén Itzá
Within the Promeza scheme, which improves the infrastructure around the Mayan Train, a notable discovery has been made in Edzná. Experts, led by archaeologist Antonio Benavides Castillo, have unearthed Structure 512, an emblematic building from the Early Postclassic period (900-1200 AD) that reflects the influence of Chichén Itzá in its architecture.
Structure 512, with its quadrangular design and porticoed entrance, is believed to have once been a temple in the Early Postclassic, but stands on foundations dating to the Early Classic (200-600 AD).
This building, partially discovered in the first decade of the 21st century and recorded in the 1960s, is an example of the reuse of materials from previous structures, a common practice in Mayan architectural evolution.
Investigations have revealed two columns that supported the roof and an underground chamber, accessible by stairs, whose bone remains were relocated in ancient times. Dr. Benavides posits that the importance of Structure 512 lies in its similarity to the buildings at Chichén Itzá, suggesting a ceremonial and religious connection between the two cities.
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The Promeza has allowed not only the consolidation of this building but also the intervention in other significant structures of Edzná, such as the Masks of Structure 414 and the Nohochná. With 80% progress in archaeological research and conservation and 30% in the implementation of signage, Edzná is becoming an even more revealing site.
In addition to Edzná, Xcalumkín also benefits from Promeza, with ongoing research and the construction of its own Catvi. Interpretive trails are advancing, promising an enriching experience for visitors.
As of November 6, 2023, Section 2 of the Mayan Train has seen a significant record of real and personal property, along with countless ceramic fragments and burials, which together unravel the density and richness of Mayan history in the region.
With each excavation and each discovery, the INAH comes closer to understanding the complexity and splendor of these ancient civilizations.
R. Structure of Edzná Reveals Connections with Chichén Itzá. Photo: inah.gob.mx